Alex Farquharson has been appointed the new director of Tate Britain, replacing the outgoing Penelope Curtis.
Farquharson, current director of Nottingham Contemporary, said Tate "has a unique and fascinating position in the cultural life of the nation". Farquharson will take up his post in the autumn.
The 45-year-old founded the £20m Nottingham Contemporary in 2009 with an exhibition of David Hockney's work from the 1960s.
That same year he was on the selection committee for the British Pavilion at the Venice Biennale, where the UK was represented by 12 Years a Slave director Steve McQueen.
In its first five years, Nottingham Contemporary has attracted more than a million visitors.
"Culture is a really great indicator of the health of a city, of its confidence," he told the BBC's arts editor Will Gompertz in 2010.
"Alex Farquharson has established Nottingham Contemporary as one of the leading art galleries in the UK," said Tate director Sir Nicholas Serota.
"He has created a programme that serves local and national audiences, working closely with artists and reflecting history as well as the present."
Farquharson said he was "delighted to be joining" a gallery that "has a unique and fascinating position in the cultural life of the nation".
"I look forward to working with a highly skilled and experienced team of curators to share these histories with audiences of all kinds."